University of Connecticut

Events Calendar

PhD Defense

Wednesday, January 23, 2019
2:30pm – 4:30pm

Storrs Campus

Soroush Khosravi Dehaghi, Department of Physics, University of Connecticut

Femtosecond Laser Transient Spectroscopy of Carotenoids and Carbon Nanotubes

Carotenoids and semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes, which are both nanoscale carbon-based quantum mechanical systems, were studied using different optical spectroscopy techniques.

The lifetime of the S\(_2\) excited state of the carotenoids were estimated using a model-based lifetime analysis routine. It was found that the addition of a conjugated carbonyl group to the carotenoid has several crucial effects on the optical response due to the alteration of the delocalized conjugated \(\pi\) molecular orbital of the molecule. These effects include the shortening of the lifetimes of the excited states, the change in the decay mechanism from the S\(_2\) excited state to the S\(_1\) excited state, and the unresolved vibrational peaks in the steady-state absorption spectrum.

The decay of the E\(_{22}\) excited state of (6,5) semiconducting carbon nanotube dispersed in flavin mononucleotide with water was observed using transient grating spectroscopy. The lifetime of this excited state was estimated to be 450 ± 50 fs. A very strong single-frequency oscillatory component was observed in the transient grating decay profile.


Prof. N. Berrah

Physics Department (primary)

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